Disabilities affect students ability to learn in many ways. Disabilities and learning styles are unique to each individual. Many accommodations are simple, creative alternatives for traditional ways of doing things. Following are examples and suggestions to try in your classroom. They are by no means comprehensive.
Accommodations: Use large print books, handouts, signs, and equipment labels. Some learners may benefit from audiotape, seating where the lighting is best; television monitors connected to microscopes to enlarge images, class assignments made available in electronic formats; and computers equipped with screen enlargers.
Accommodations: Ready access to printed materials on computer disks or the Internet allows blind learners, who have the appropriate technology, to use computers to read text aloud and/or produce Braille. Some materials may need to be transferred to audiotape. Use clear, concise narration of the basic points being represented in visual aids is helpful. Other accommodations could include tactile models and raised-line drawings of graphic materials; adaptive lab equipment such as talking thermometers, calculators, light probes, and tactile timers; and computers with optical character readers, voice output, Braille screen displays, and Braille printers.
HEARING AND SPEECH IMPAIRMENTS
Accommodations: Hearing impairment accommodations can include interpreters; sound amplification systems; note takers; visual aids; written lecture outlines, class assignments, lab instructions, and demonstration summaries; visual warning systems for lab emergencies; and electronic mail for faculty-learner meetings and class discussions. Instructors should turn their faces toward learners with hearing impairments when speaking and discussion questions and statements made by other learners. Equipment may be needed to amplify voices. Speech impairment accommodations may include computer based speech output systems that can provide an alternative voice for learners who cannot speak and electronic mail does not require the ability to speak.
Accommodations: Accommodations may include note takers, audio taped class sessions, extra test time, quiet testing location, alternative testing arrangements, visual, aural, and tactile demonstrations incorporated into instruction, course and lecture outlines, and computers with voice output and spelling and grammar checkers. Be aware of environmental factors that tend to distract learns, such as seating by a window or a door.
Accommodations: Accommodations may include note takers, scribes, and lab assistants; group lab assignments; extended exam time, and alternative testing arrangements. Other accommodations may include accessible locations for classrooms, labs, and field trips; adjustable tables; equipment located within reach; course materials available in electronic formats; computer with special devices such as voice or Morse code input and alternative keyboards; and access to research resources on the internet.
Accommodations: Be flexible. Other accommodations include note takers and/or taped class sessions; flexible attendance requirements; alternative testing arrangements; assignments available in electronic format; and electronic mail for faculty-learner meetings, class discussions, and distribution of class materials and lecture notes.